What is now Michigan was first settled by various Native American tribes before being colonized by French explorers in the 17th century and becoming a part of New France. After the defeat of France in the French and Indian War in 1762, the region came under British rule. The territory was finally ceded to the newly independent United States after the British defeat in the American Revolutionary War. Eventually, in 1805, the Michigan Territory was formed which lasted until it was admitted into the Union on January 26, 1837, as the 26th state following the Toledo Strip negotiations. The state of Michigan soon became an important center of industry and trade in the Great Lakes region and a popular immigrant destination.