Congress creates second national park – Mackinac Island

Mackinac National Park, created in 1875 in response to the growing popularity of the island as a summer resort following the civil war, was the second national park of the United States and created so as to give tourists a chance to vacation on the island despite the U.S. military presence and use of the island.

In 1895 the fort was decommissioned and, at the request of the Michigan Governor John T. Rich, the park and fort was turned over to the state of Michigan, becoming Mackinac Island State Park, the first state park in Michigan.